Public Administration -Development, Scholars, and Theories-

Copyright ⓒ 2019 by Tae Ryong Kim
All rights reserved.
No part of this book may be reproduced without the
permission of the authors and the publisher.

ISBN 978-89-7644-752-4
Published by Choon Hwan Lim
Daeyoung Moonhwasa Publishing Co.
Woosin Plaza 307 70, Juhwa-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si,
Gyeonggi-do, Korea, 10387
Published on 25 September, 2019

Price KR ₩19,000



Introduction 11

Chapter Ⅰ  The Infant Public Administration in the Beginning Period 21

1. The Story of the Infant Public Administration in theBeginning Period/23
2. The Representative Scholars in the Beginning Period/26
3. The Representative Theory in the Beginning Period/34

Chapter Ⅱ  The Orthodox Public Administration in the Formative Years 47

1. The Story of the Orthodox Public Administrationin the Formative Years/49
2. The Representative Scholars in the Formative Years/52
3. The Representative Theory in the Formative Years/58

Chapter Ⅲ  The Anti Orthodox Public Administration in the Repulsive Period 71

1. The Story of the Anti Orthodox Public Administrationin the Repulsive Years/73
2. The Representative Scholars in the Repulsive Years/78
3. The Representative Theory in the Repulsive Years/93

Chapter Ⅳ  Public Administration in the Prosperity Period 127

1. The Story of the Public Administration in the Prosperity Period/129
2. The Representative Scholars in the Prosperity Period/140
3. The Representative Theory in the Prosperity Period/160

Chapter Ⅴ  Public Administration in the Reversal Period 201

1. The Story of the Public Administration in the ReversalPeriod/203
2. The Representative Scholars in the Reversal Period/208
3. The Representative Theory in the Reversal Period/215

Chapter Ⅵ  Public Administration in the Neo-Conservatismand Anti-Conservatism Period 237

1. The Story of the Public Administration in theNeo-Conservatism and Anti-Conservatism Period/239
2. The Representative Scholars in the Neo-Conservatism and Anti-Conservatism Period/249
3. The Representative Theory in the Neo-Conservatism and Anti-Conservatism Period/263




Having taught public administration as a professor for decades, I have always been told by students that it is difficult to understand what it is. Whenever I read introductory books on public administration published in Korea, I wonder how much first-year college students can understand these contents. Furthermore, the range of topics covered in introductory textbooks on public administration is so extensive that I cannot help but feel conflict as a professor when I think about whether students understood public administration at the end of the class.
Nevertheless, our situation is almost identical in all cases, and the core contents are almost composed of materials of American public administration textbooks. Besides, the majority of the theories created in the United States are delivered to students without any particular perspective, making it more difficult for students to understand.
If the study of public administration were made on our soil, it would be understandable even though the background of the contents or the environment of the time is almost understood, but it would be more challenging to understand because most of them have been formed based on the context and background of the United States. Besides, the number of international students studying in Korea is also increasing recently, and similar obstacles impede the understanding of public administration.
As a result, I could not help but agonize over how to improve understanding of public administration to students who are first exposed to public administration. I started from the idea of ​​what I thought was the reason why students think that public administration is complicated. I have noticed that the students did not understand the background and development process of public administration correctly and that the scope of public administration was broad, so the students were too embarrassed to understand public administration.
Therefore, even if the scope of the public administration is broad among the two reasons why students have difficulty for studying public administration, I think that it would be somewhat helpful for students to study public administration if they understand the development background of the administration and the related theories correctly.
In the Korean context, where the history of modern civilization is short, it was inevitable that we could not but accept the contents of American public administration developed mainly in the United States. In this sense, it is a reality that students can not improve the understanding of public administration without the accurate knowledge of the development process of American public administration.
Then, there may be some counterarguments: Many introductory textbooks are dealing with the development and theories of American public administration in the United States, but why do I write American public administration?
There are, of course, many American-related public administration textbooks published in the United States. The problem is, however, that such books are too large in volume or unsystematic, making them less suitable as the introduction of public administration for Korean students or international students who have studied in Korea.
For example, to enhance students’ understanding of public administration, the situation of the period of the development of the public administration, the view of the representative scholars who led the current location, and the theories created at that time must be linked organically. Only then can students understand the overall contents of administrative science systematically.
In this regard, I always felt sorry for the lack of suitable textbooks. Then, I started writing this book with all these aspects. Despite this purpose, it is challenging to describe all aspects of American public administration as essential knowledge for understanding public administration in a systematically and straightforwardly, including development processes, representative scholars’ views, and administrative theories made at specific times.
Fortunately, I have already published the Administrative Theory that contains these contents more than a decade ago, and have now revised four times. However, the Administrative Theory is rather difficult for first-year college students and international students because of its large amount and confusing contents. Therefore, this book is not new, but it is a partial reorganization and correction of parts related to the American public administration which is the foundation of the public administration in the already published the Administrative Theory.
This book boldly omits elaborate footnotes or sources, and introduce the representative books that should be read in the reference section to help first-year college students and interna- tional students understand. Especially for international students who are not good at Korean language, Korean literature was boldly omitted. If students need more sources or references to the contents, they will be able to refer to the published Administrative Theory. In this regard, I would like to seek the reader’s understanding.
Several people help in publishing even a little book. Above all, the beloved disciples who gave me this consciousness of a problem must be the best. Despite the somewhat complicated situation, family’s interest in patience and encouragement has always been a boost. Among them, it was regrettable that I could not spend enough time with my beloved granddaughter, Na Hee, and Na Yun.
Finally, despite the questionable publishing circumstances, I am thankful to the president of Daeyoung Moonhwasa Publication Company, who publishes a little book and to the editorial department who has made efforts to correct the work.

Tae Ryong Kim
Seoul, Korea
Fall, 2019

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